Drones play an important role in the military. Although they are incredibly advanced in terms of power and technology, they are quite expensive. How much does a military drone cost? Take your guess! If the number you have in mind is below $1,000, sadly, you’re not very close to the right answer.
According to Wikipedia, most military drones range from some thousand dollars to tens of millions of dollars. For comparison, an ordinary “toy” drone that you can get online or offline costs anywhere between $25 and $250. Slightly more professional ones can be just under $1,000.
So, case in point: military drones cost a fortune (maybe even many fortunes). Continue reading to find more details on military drone prices, including how much does a Predator drone cost! We will also cover some information on why military drones cost like two kidneys.
Table of Contents
- Cost of a Military Drone
- Types of Military Drones
- Military Drones vs. Typical Civilian Drones
- Pros of Military Drones
- 8 Examples of Expensive Military Drones
Cost of a Military Drone
As we have said earlier, U.S military drone costs can range up to tens of thousands of dollars. In detail, the common Predator drone that the military is known to use (in Iraq and Afghanistan) is roughly 40 million dollars per system. Here is what the pricey Predator drone looks like:
Types of Military Drones
1. Micro-Drones & Nano-Drones
These are super small, “insect-sized” drones that you often see in blockbuster movies. Despite being tiny in size, these drones are fully equipped with high-tech cameras for surveillance, and can usually send image data back to their terminals digitally.
One example is the Black Hornet, which is 1-inch-by 4-inch. and costs about $195,000 per unit.
2. Small Tactical Drones
These are small (but not as small as micro-drones and nano-drones) and lightweight. They can be carried by soldiers in pockets to be tossed up into the air. An example is the FULMAR. It is able to fly for 12 hours at a max range of 90 kilometers. Another example is the Raven, which can cost more than $35,000 per unit; it looks like this:
3. Medium-Sized Reconnaissance Drones
These drones are also commonly referred to as HALE or MALE drones, which are acronyms for High Altitude Long Endurance and Medium Altitude Long Endurance, respectively. They are primarily used for ISTAR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance) purposes.
Heron is this type of drone. It is used by the U.S, Canada, Australia, Turkey, Morocco, and India, for reconnaissance use. 1 Heron and 1 ground station cost about $140 million.
4. Large Surveillance & Combat Drones
These are the more well-known military drones, in the U.S Armed Forces, particularly. They are run by pilots on the ground through a satellite link-up. These types of drones are usually armed and sent for extrajudicial killing missions.
A popular example is the Global Hawk, which is operated over conflict zones and can fly at an altitude of up to 18,000 meters. The Global Hawk scans mobile phone calls for surveillance of signals rather than combat, though.
Interesting Fact: The Global Hawk that almost waged war against Iran in 2019 cost $220 million.
Reaper drones carry laser-guided bombs and other types of air-to-surface missiles to serve the U.S Armed Forces. They can fly for over a thousand miles and operate non-stop for 14 hours. The UK, Netherlands, France, and Spain air forces also use Reapers. A Reaper costs about $32 million!
Here is a recap of the cost of drones we have mentioned:
|Name of Drone||Cost of Drone (in U.S dollars $)|
Military Drones vs. Typical Civilian Drones
So, why are military drones so expensive? To answer this, we must look at them next to typical civilian drones.
- Military drones can be a lot smaller or a lot bigger than typical civilian (commercial) drones
- Military drones are designed to have more secure communications
- Military drones have sensors that possess more extensive fidelity, range, and versatility
- Military drones can be assembled into weapons, such as on-contact explosives
- Military drones have quieter engines, which makes it more difficult to detect them
Pros of Military Drones
The size of the global military drone market is projected to reach $23.78 billion by 2027 (based on data from Globe Newswire) But if they are so pricey, why do militaries still use them?
Here is a list of “agreed” pros:
- Military drones can be operated at a distance and have automatic functions
- Military drones can respond quickly and swiftly to attacks or identified intelligence
- Military drones are cheaper to make and maintain (compared to planes)
- the military can cut down costs of training plane pilots and maintenance crew
- Military drones put fewer lives at risk (fewer members are required to be deployed)
- Military drones minimize civilian casualties (compared to conventional air strikes)
- Military drones put pressure on terrorist organizations with constant surveillance
- Military drones are rather efficient at eliminating well-hidden targets
- Military drones have plenty of room to continue to advance technologically
- For example, engineers are working on equipping them with the ability to self repair, to land themselves, and stay aloft for months instead of days
8 Examples of Expensive Military Drones
Just for the fun of it, here are some of the most expensive military drones.
In the Lower Range
1. Insitu ScanEagle – $800,000/Unit
This is a small low-altitude but long-endurance drone for reconnaissance. In addition, it helps the military with search and rescue, border control, and battleground damage monitoring, and wildlife monitoring. Its wingspan is over 10 feet and flight life of more than 24 hours. You can expect it to fly up 20,000 feet at a maximum of 92 miles per hour (horizontally).
2. Chengdu Pterodactyl I – $1,000,000/Unit
This is a medium-altitude but long-endurance drone that also goes by the name Wing Loong. It is roughly 9 feet tall and 20 feet long, designed for imaging. Its wingspan is 40 feet, delivering a maximum of 16,500 feet in altitude and 180 miles per hour in speed. It can stay in the air for 20 hours!
3. Kratos XQ-58 Valkyrie – $3,000,000/Unit
This $3 million drone is designed as a force multiplier to serve as a loyal wingman for the F-22 Raptor or F-35 Lightning iI on combat missions. It is about 28 feet long and can impressively reach 700 miles per hour on a 2,500-mile flight with a 22-foot wingspan.
4. Aeronautics Defense Dominator XP – $3,750,000/Unit
This is a strategic, multi-purpose medium altitude long endurance drone that is 26 feet long and has a wingspan of 44 feet. It can fly over 30,000 altitude feet and reach a maximum speed of 220 miles per hour.
In the Higher Range
1. MQ-25 Stingray – $201,000,000/Unit
This drone was awarded an $804 million contract in 2018 and is set to be operational by 2024. It is designed to carry some 15,000 pounds of fuel and reach a maximum range of 600 miles. Unless the Northrop Grumman X-47B “debuts”, it will be the world’s first aerial refueling drone!
2 BAE Systems Taranis – $206,000,000/Unit
This is a still-developing drone that is expected to hit the air in 2030. It is designed to attain the max speed of 700 miles per hour, 50,000 feet flight ceiling. Its wingspan is 33 feet and its length is 40 feet.
3. Northrop Grumman X-47B – $405,000,000/Unit
This drone is made to assist the U.S Navy, but as of right now, is still a guinea pig prototype. It’s the first autonomous aerial refuel with impressive specs: 62-foot wingspan and a max speed of 700 miles per hour.
4. RQ-4 Global Hawk – $131,000,000/Unit
This high-altitude long endurance beat was built for the Air Force. Equipped with a sensor suite that gives global weather, day & night intelligence, and fulfills surveillance and reconnaissance purposes, this is a well-known drone to the public. It costs a whopping $131 million!
Now, you are armed with all the necessary information to answer, “How much does a military drone cost?” Hopefully, you have found this useful. In case you still have questions to ask, reach out to us in the comments below! We will be sure to get back to you quickly! Also, do not forget to share this article with other readers, like your friends and family.