Anyone studying for an American History exam will come across the question, “Where in the colonies did the British military concentrate their attacks?” The short answer is along the Atlantic Ocean. But, in some cases, you will be asked to put down more details than just the four words. So, continue reading to arm yourself with the essential information.
Table of Contents
- What is the Revolutionary War?
- Where Did the Revolutionary War Take Place?
- What Was the Result of the Revolutionary War?
- Basic Facts of the Revolutionary Warn
- What Led to the Revolutionary War?
- What Was Great Britain Respond to the Colonial Boycott that Followed the Stamp Act?
- What Was The First Armed Conflict of the Revolutionary War? It Was Provoked By What Act?
- Where in the Colonies Did the British Military Concentrate Their Attacks?
- What Was a Major Concern for the Group Known As the Federalists?
What is the Revolutionary War?
Also referred to as the American War of Independence, the Revolutionary War was an 8-year war between the United States and Great Britain.
Where Did the Revolutionary War Take Place?
The fighting took place in North America, the Caribbean, and the Atlantic Ocean.
What Was the Result of the Revolutionary War?
Ultimately, the U.S won, gaining independence. The Treaty of Paris was established and the First British Empire ended. All the territories that Great Britain previously had control of, including those east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, were given to the United States.
Basic Facts of the Revolutionary Warn
The U.S was supported by France and Spain.
- The French Army’s strength totaled 10,800 and their Navy included 2 fleets as well as escorts
- The Spanish Army had 12,000 and their Navy had 1 fleet and escorts
The U.S, on its own:
- An Army and militia of 40,000
- A Navy of 53 frigates and sloops
- 2,131 Marines
- 106 ships
A summary of the casualties and losses:
The United States saw:
- 6,800 deaths (in battle)
- 6,1000 wounded men
- 17,000 deaths (from diseases)
- 130,000 deaths (from smallpox specifically)
- 25,000 to 70,000 deaths (in war, as a whole)
The French on the U.S’s side saw:
- 2,122 deaths (on the East coast)
The Spanish on the U.S’s side saw:
- 371 deaths
- 4,000 deaths (after being imprisoned)
Great Britain saw:
- 8,5000 deaths (in battle)
The Germans on the British’s side saw:
- 7,774 deaths in total
- 4,888 deserters
The Loyalists on the British’s side saw:
- 7,000 deaths in total
- 5,300 deaths (from diseases)
- 1,700 deaths (in battle)
The American Natives on the British’s side saw:
- 500 deaths
What Led to the Revolutionary War?
Leading up to the war was immense discontent among colonies about having to pay taxes. The taxes that were most unpopular were the ones under the Stamp Act.
Tension escalated through various back-and-forth events, including the Boston Riot in 1768, the Boston Massacre in 1770, and the Customs Vessel Destruction in 1772.
Another popular tax was the one through the Tea Act, which passed in 1773.
A group that calls themselves the “Sons of Liberty” expressed their discontent by dumping 342 tea crates into the Boston Harbor. Today, this is known as the Boston Tea Party.
In 1774, the Parliament retaliated by passing the Intolerable Acts to punish the colonists who resisted the new tax laws. This triggered outrage and led to a boycott of British goods.
What Was Great Britain Respond to the Colonial Boycott that Followed the Stamp Act?
They sent instructions to General Gage to disarm rebels and imprison rebellion leaders, but at the same time, make decisions using his own discretion.
However, he also received information from a spy that there were delegates seeking cooperation with the colonists to raise an army of colonial soldiers.
To stop this from happening, General Gage ordered a mounted patrol (of less than 20) to surround the country and intercept messengers. This, unfortunately, alarmed the colonists and drove them to further increase their efforts in preparing local militias.
What Was The First Armed Conflict of the Revolutionary War? It Was Provoked By What Act?
The first armed conflict was the Battle of Lexington on April 19, 1775. Lexington was a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. The battle was initiated by a local colonial militia, primarily provoked by the 1774 Intolerable Acts.
Where in the Colonies Did the British Military Concentrate Their Attacks?
When the war broke out, the British military focused on attacking the south. This southern strategy was based on the assumption that Southerners were Loyalists at heart. They wanted to rally Loyalist support and from there, re-seize the territory north to the Chesapeake Bay.
This strategy was founded by Lord George Germain, who was the Secretary of State for America in Lord North’s cabinet. Initially, it was very successful. The British captured the capital of Georgia, Savannah in 1778, South Carolina, and Charleston.
Just like the British had hoped, Loyalists were the key to their success. There were thousands of slaves as well as Indian allies in the South that supported them.
After the war, the U.S ended monarchical rules and organized under a single constitutional government. But there were many problems with the central government because of state clashes.
During this time, there was the Federalist party, which was formed by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison.
What Was a Major Concern for the Group Known As the Federalists?
They sought a strong government and executive branch. But they were opposed by anti-federalists, who wanted a weaker government and a “Bill of Rights.” Unlike the federalists, the anti-federalists were afraid that the government had too much power at the expense of states. The federalists held onto the idea that a strong government was a prerequisite to a united nation that could represent itself to other nations.
As you have read in this article answering, “Where in the colonies did the British military concentrate their attacks?” The British’s strategy was to concentrate on the South. They rallied support from Loyalists, including slaves and Indian allies, to seize the capital of Georgia, Savannah in 1778, South Carolina, and Charleston.
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